The name Tuscany, first used in the 10C, is derived from the Latin word Tuscia which was employed from the 3C onwards to describe the region then known as Etruria, the territory of the Etruscans (who were also known as Tusci), situated between the Tiber and the Arno.
Mountains, hills, inland basins and low coastal plains with very varied types of soil are dotted across this mainly highland region, wich has some of the largest strechtches of woodland in Italy and an abundance of rivers and streams that run down the western slopes of the Apennines and into the Mediterranean.